Conservation Biology: Focus on Biodiversity Loss
Introduction (what it is)
Conservation Biology is a new scientific discipline that was consolidated in the 1980s, when the world awoke to the problem of biodiversity loss on the planet.
What are you studying
Conservation Biology has as its main objective the study of the causes of biodiversity loss at all levels (individual, ecosystem, genetics) and how it is possible to minimize this loss.
Conservation Biology has scientific contributions from the following disciplines: Ecology, Biogeography, Genetics, Political Sciences, Behavioral Biology, Sociology, Anthropology, among others.
Conservation Biology establishes four extinction agents:
- Exploitation, which generates the reduction of the effective population.
- Loss and fragmentation of habitat of species.
- The introduction of invasive species that compete with native or modified habitats.
- Synergistic interactions whereby the extinction of one species generates the extinction of others through a chain effect.
Leading biologists who work or have worked in Conservation Biology:
- Edward Osborne Wilson - American Biologist and Entomologist
- Miguel Delibes de Castro - Spanish Biologist
- Robert Harding Whittake - American Botanist and Biologist