Foot and mouth disease

Foot-and-mouth disease: disease affecting cattle

What is - definition

Foot-and-mouth disease is a disease that commonly affects animals and rarely infects man. Its infection occurs through virus infection, occurring mainly in cracked legged animals such as pigs, cattle, sheep, goats and deer. After infection, an epidemic is very common.

Summary of main features of the disease

Some of the main features of foot-and-mouth disease are the sudden rise in body temperature, the appearance of blisters in the mouth and more delicate areas of the skin, and excessive salivation.

After eruptions arise, they tend to grow to rupture, leaving the spot where they were once raw. As a result, it is difficult for the affected animal to feed, since with the heavily injured tissue this process becomes quite painful.

Another feature of this disease is that it causes the soft tissues of the lower paws to become inflamed, makes the animal limp and may also cause damage to the vision of the affected animal.

Commercially bred animals, once infected, cause great harm. Cattle raised for slaughter lose a lot of weight, cows and goats significantly reduce milk production.

Consequences of foot-and-mouth disease

Foot-and-mouth disease quickly kills small animals (pups and animals that have not yet reached adulthood) and causes abortion in pregnant females. It is a disease that in addition to causing great suffering to affected animals, tends to spread very quickly causing epidemic outbreaks.