Dolly Sheep: Example of Animal Cloning Process
What is cloning - biological definition
In genetics, cloning is defined as the process of producing identical copies of living things through a specific fragment of DNA.
Cloning Information and Examples
In biology, a clone is a multicellular organism genetically identical to another. Univiteline twins (formed from the same zygote) are natural clones, which, because they share the same DNA, are genetically equal.
Surveys: The Dolly Sheep Case
Science has done a lot of research through artificial cloning. In this method, instead of sex cells (egg and sperm) somatic cells (responsible for the formation of organs, skin and bones) are used.
An example of this type of experiment was the cloning process of the Dolly sheep, which was generated from somatic cells taken from an adult animal. However, this clone had some drawbacks that resulted in the death of the sheep.
Production of identical copies
Generally speaking, we can define cloning as a natural (as is the case with identical twins) or artificial (when somatic cells are used) in which genetically identical copies of another being are produced through asexual reproduction.
Through this process, genetically identical individuals are obtained from a parent cell. This is a fairly common method of propagating plant species, bacteria and protozoa.