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What is these mushrooms in my indoor pot?

What is these mushrooms in my indoor pot?


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I am living in Japan and in summer, it's very hot and humid even inside my room. Today, I've found two mushrooms in the pot of a plant.

What is this species? It's very surprising than within one day they grew like this.


They do look a lot like a common mushroom called "shaggy mane" mushroom (Coprinus comatus). This may not be a correct identification though, so do not eat them. They are widespread around the world, but usually grow outside.

Yes it is amazing how rapidly the fruiting body of many fungi can grow. I am providing an interesting Wikipedia link with more information. You can also search to find other images using Google images online.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coprinus_comatus


One of my houseplants has several small, yellow mushrooms on the surface of the potting soil. Will the mushrooms harm the plant?

One of my houseplants has several small, yellow mushrooms on the surface of the potting soil. Will the mushrooms harm the plant?

The small, yellow mushroom is probably Leucocoprinus birnbaumii. The fungus is sometimes referred to as yellow houseplant mushroom, yellow parasol, or flower pot parasol. This species can be found outside in summer, but is most commonly found year-round with potted plants or in greenhouses. The small, lemon yellow mushrooms are about 1 to 3 inches tall with 1 to 2 inch oval or bell-shaped caps. They may appear singly or in clusters.

The Leucocoprinus birnbaumii fungus breaks down dead organic matter in the potting soil. It does not harm living plants. However, the mushrooms are regarded as poisonous to people and animals. If pets or small children reside in the home, it would be wise to remove the mushrooms as they appear. Fungicide treatments are generally not effective against mushrooms.


Types

Mushrooms and fungi in potted plants come in all shapes and sizes. The most common houseplant-invading mushroom is the yellow mushroom. The caps vary from high-domed and compact to flat and broad. "Dog vomit mold" takes its name from its appearance. There are oblong-shaped, yellowish-brown fungi. These "explode" with spores when they are touched.

  • Potted plants add beauty and life to a home's interior or exterior.
  • These "explode" with spores when they are touched.

Mushrooms: Why They're a Sign of Healthy Soil

Here, we'll be going over what mushrooms do, how they grow, and ways to avoid growing them or stopping them when they do. Mushrooms: Fungus With a Purpose When people hear the word mushroom they think of its plant variety: fungi, and when they hear "fungi" they often think of one particular kind of fungi: mold (particularly white powdery mold and yellow/brown downy mold). Those types of fungus are usually parasites, but for the most part, mushrooms either help plants exchange nutrients or help put nutrients back into the earth. Mushroom Reproduction and Growth Mushrooms don't grow as plants do. In order to reproduce their spores need to attach to a nutritious source, whether it's a plant's roots, a dead plant, or a dead animal. They don't use seeds as most other plants use, but as long as there's a breeze or some way to get spores on to a nutritious source, that's all they need to reproduce. Because they have no chlorophyll to help make food, they rely on the nutrition of a plant (live or dead) to eat. That doesn't mean mushrooms are sucking the life out of your plants. Quite the opposite: most mushrooms have a symbiotic relationship with plants, particularly at the root level. Mushrooms help give your plants the nutrients it needs to help produce the sugars the mushroom feeds off, so they're helping each other to grow and receive the best nutrients they can get. Saprophytism is when a mushroom or group of mushrooms help decompose something and then release it back into the soil. Whether it be dying parts of your lawn, dying roots under the soil, or dead plants and animals (and their waste), mushrooms can take in the remaining nutrients from a dead source and introduce those nutrients back into the soil in a way bacteria or insects cannot. Mushrooms Usually Mean Healthy Soil Like we've mentioned, if you're positive you don't have a mushroom or fungal spores anywhere in your growing area but you still see mushrooms growing you might be alarmed- and we don't blame you. However, unlike mold which can be a sign of stagnation, mushroom growth from your soil can be a sign of pretty healthy soil. How? Remember that mushrooms don't have roots like other plants, so they need to feed themselves by attaching to the roots of your plant or decaying nutrition sources in the soil. If you transplant rooted plants into new soil and eventually see mushrooms come out of the soil, there's a good chance there were mushroom spores in your soil that had a chance to begin feeding with your plants. If you see mushroom growth before your seed(s) sprout there's a chance that there are spores attached to something in your soil (usually a wood chip) and started to grow. Mushrooms like cool, moist, and humid places without lots of light. Growers will find mushrooms popping out of the side of fabric grow bags for that exact reason: bags become moist when you feed your plants, then they sit in a humid space, and temperatures are bound to hit around 50-60°F at some point. If you have the environment for mushroom growth all you need is a spore and something it can attach to and you can see mushrooms popping out of that soil. Ridding Your Garden of Mushrooms While they may be harmless to plants, mushrooms may not be desirable in all gardens for any number of reasons. Some mushrooms can act as pesticides when ingested by insects, but they can cause serious harm if they’re ingested by our pets or by anyone who doesn’t know better. If you’re trying to avoid them in the future, you may also want to get rid of them as soon as you see them. Mushrooms send off spores to reproduce and when those spores attach to a source of nutrition (say, a wood chip in your soil or the roots of a growing plant) they’ll begin to grow. To avoid unintentional mushroom growth try these three things: 1) Eliminate the environment. Mushrooms like cool, humid, and moist places, so raise if you raise the temperature of your garden, lower the humidity, and ease off the watering for a bit they’ll dry up and be unable to grow. 2) As soon as you see them, pick them off. Picking mushrooms won’t harm your plants, so if you don’t like them in your soil or around your plants you can simply pick them off and get rid of them. 3) Start making your own compost and soil. Pre-mixed soil has all kinds of things you’re not sure of, and spores are just one of them. If you’re not sure of what’s in your soil, it’s a dice throw whether or not you have the makings for mushrooms. Making your own soil from composted materials is the safest way to know exactly what’s in your soil and to assure you don’t have the ingredients for mushroom production.

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What Is a Straw Mushroom? (with pictures)

The Paddy Straw Mushroom, known simply as a straw mushroom, and more formally as Volvariella volvacea, is a type of mushroom found widely distributed throughout Asia. The thumb sized mushrooms are heavily cultivated for food and export in Asia, and can be found in canned and dried forms in other parts of the world. These mushrooms are often used in stir fries, and add a distinctive slightly musty flavor to food.

The mushroom takes its name from paddy straw, the straw left over after growing rice, which happens to be the mushroom's favorite habitat. In addition to its traditional growth medium, the straw mushroom can also be found growing on many types of vegetable material such as other straws or grasses, compost, and wood piles. Usually this mushroom is cultivated for consumption on a mixture of cotton fiber and paddy straw. When mature for eating, a straw mushroom is approximately thumb sized, and distinguished by its pale pink gills and white spore print. The mushrooms have long white stems with bulbous bases, and drooping yellow to brown caps with a partial veil.

This mushroom has not been identified in the wild in North America, although it has been observed in most of Asia and parts of Eastern Europe. Unfortunately, many Asian immigrants mistake the delicious straw mushroom with members of the amanita genus, which can be deadly. Amanitas have many superficial resemblances which can confuse amateur mushroom hunters: it is better to avoid veiled mushrooms with bulbed bases or volvas unless you are very experienced with mushrooms.

In Asia, the mushroom is readily available in fresh, dried, and canned form at most markets. Because they take well to indoor cultivation, fresh specimens are available year-round. In other parts of the world, exported dried and canned mushrooms can be found at Asian specialty stores and some large markets. Dried straw mushrooms can be rehydrated with boiling water, while canned ones should be drained and rinsed before use.

This mushroom has a delicate, musty, slightly earthy flavor which is quite appealing to some consumers. It takes well to inclusion in stir fries, soups, and stuffings, and retains both shape and flavor through cooking. It figures most prominently in Asian cuisine, and many Westerners are familiar with the shape and taste thanks to a proliferation of Asian-themed restaurants around the world. It can also be included in cuisine from other nations for an unusual injection of flavor and texture.

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a DelightedCooking researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a DelightedCooking researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.


The Yellow Houseplant Mushroom. Eww!

There is a phenomena known as the “Yellow Houseplant Mushroom!” wreaking havoc on Southeastern Michiganians and their plants…. Okay, so I’m exaggerating a bit. But seriously – these mushrooms are actually kind of gross! Unless you love fungi, that is.

Let me mention this important fact at the beginning: Yellow mushrooms will NOT harm your houseplants in any way. Nor will they poison you through your fingers if you touch them. These are a few misconceptions people have about houseplant mushrooms.

Note: One thing NOT to do is eat the mushroom these certainly aren’t of the culinary kind!

Here’s what happens: Yellow mushrooms can spontaneously pop up, literally over night, in your houseplant pots (see photo of my bamboo plant, above). There are a number of conditions that have to be met in order for these mushrooms to grow. If you’ve never seen one, that’s a good thing! Chances are, you won’t want one growing anywhere near your plants! I’ll just tell you what sort of environment they thrive in, so you’ll know how to avoid them.

For a yellow mushroom to grow, you need:
1) Lots of constant moisture – overwatering!
2) Old soil, or soil unchanged for several years
3) ‘Bad’ or cheap soil
4) Lack of good pot drainage

Mushrooms can’t develop in the soil unless your plants meet more than one of the above conditions. If you’re just a chronic overwaterer, don’t worry! Mushrooms likely won’t bother you. But in case your plants meet many of these conditions, keep reading:

Condition 1 only happens if you consistently overwater your plant AND you also meet Condition 4 – a lack of good drainage. If the pot stays very wet all the time without drying out, the conditions are ripe for mushroom development! Ever had mushrooms pop up in the garden and/or your grass after it rains for days? The reason this occurs is because mushrooms grow wherever there’s a ton of moisture. To a lesser degree, fungus also thrives in shaded areas. If your plant is largely shaded, often damp, and lacks efficient drainability, the chances are very good you might see mushrooms soon!

Conditions 2 and 3 are most certainly related. If the soil is old, it’s more prone to mold development and lacks nutrients your plants will need for continuous growth and prosperity. Of my plants that had problems with mold/mushrooms, one was my aloe plant (I was forced to repot it 2 times!), then my spider plant, and finally my bamboo plant. The mold I saw in the soil quickly turned into mushrooms, so watch out! If you observe any mold (particularly yellow) on or in your plant’s soil, it’s time to change the soil, refresh it completely, and repot your plant!

Refreshing the soil is a good idea even if you aren’t experiencing mushrooms, especially if your plant’s growth has slowed down significantly. Also, older pants need to have their soil changed every 3 years or so (sometimes more) since the nutrients will be used up over time. Think of potting soil as a plant’s vitamins eventually, you’re going to run out and need to buy another bottle. In the same way, your plants will need new soil to keep reaping the benefits of their own ‘vitamins!’ Sorry if that sounded corny, but it seemed to fit!

If your soil is cheap (you bought a lot of soil for only a little money) there’s a chance mushrooms might be present in the soil BEFORE you even buy it! But soil cost aside, the fact is, ALL potting soil contains bacteria necessary for mushroom development and therefore can’t be avoided (unless you follow the steps at the end of this post). The mushrooms need to develop roots and grow, just like any plant you might care for. If you give them the optimum growing conditions [listed above] (even unknowingly) they will appear!

The only difference between the yellow mushrooms and houseplants is that these particular mushrooms are less than desirable, basically useless, and mostly ugly. At best, they could be called upon for interesting conversations amongst your plant/fungi/nature savvy friends and family members, if you have any.

Of course, you really are looking to avoid these conditions altogether – Then, you don’t have to suffer a mushroom invasion! However, if it happens to you (like it did to me) and DO see a mushroom, here’s what to do:

2) Unpot the plant
3) Clean out the original pot, if using again, with soap and water
4) Using brand new potting soil, repot the plant, removing all the old soil from the roots. This ensures all the mold has been cleaned away, and can’t produce any more mushrooms
5) Make sure your plant has better drainage than before
6) Finally, do your best to not overwater!
In case of mushroom attack, follow the above 5 steps, and your plants won’t have to develop the icky, gross, fleshy yellow mushrooms like mine did!


Leucocoprinus birnbaumii Identification

Indoor identification of Leucocoprinus birnbaumii is pretty easy. If you have small yellow mushrooms growing in a potted houseplant, chances are you have this species.

That said, here are some basic facts:

  • Bright to pale yellow in color throughout, including the inner flesh.
  • Cap is a 1 - 2 inches tall and oval when young, becoming more bell-shaped with age. The cap is also textured with scales or dots.
  • This is a gilled mushroom, although the gills do not attach to the stem.
  • The stalk (or stipe) is a few inches tall and has a ring around it, although this ring often disappears with age. The ring is a remnant of the partial veil, a thin layer of tissue that protects the gills as they are developing.
  • Prefers wet soil and hot weather.
  • The spore print is white.
  • These are saprotrophic mushrooms, meaning they feed on dead organic material. Thus they won't hurt a living, healthy houseplant.

Different Types of Mushrooms

Most people know only the popular button or portobello mushrooms they see in the grocery store. But there are many other types of mushrooms to explore. Some mushrooms are edible and have flavors ranging from sweet to nuts, while others even taste lobster.

Other varieties can be used for their medicinal benefits to increase your immune system, reduce blood pressure and cholesterol, and may even be useful for treating cancer and other serious diseases.

In this article, we will show 22of the most popular varieties of mushrooms, how to use them, and we will show you the main categories in which they fall. And before you start cooking, be sure to take a look at our guide on how to cook mushrooms — the right way.

20 Main Mushrooms Types and Their Uses

1. White Button Mushrooms

Growth Button Mushrooms are also called baby mushrooms or white mushrooms. Button mushrooms are by far the most common type of mushroom that is almost guaranteed to be found in grocery stores. They are cut into slices and used as a topping in pizzas, in spaghetti sauces, and most other dishes that use mushrooms.

2. Cremini Mushrooms

Cremini Mushrooms Cremini, also known as crimini mushrooms, are part of the same species as buds (Agaricus bisporus), but they are a brown variation with a slightly deeper taste. All mushroom buds were brown until 1926 when a mushroom farmer in Pennsylvania found a group of white buds growing on their beds, which he cloned and began selling as a new variety.

3. Hedgehog Mushrooms

Hedgehog mushrooms or sweet-toothed mushrooms take their commons name from the gills under their hat. They hang, forming sharp shapes that resemble a hedgehog. Hedgehog is quite safe to harvest because there are no toxic lookalikes. They have a sweet hazelnut taste and offer a crispy texture so well cooked. They can be stir-fried, pickled, or stewed in milk or broth.

4. Chicken Of The Woods Mushrooms

Chicken Bone The Woods Chicken Mushrooms The Woods is more scientifically called Laetiporus meaning “with shiny pores”. This mushroom grows in clusters on the side of the trees and is of beautiful orange color. Usually deep orange in the middle with a lighter orange color around the edges. As expected, it gets its commons name because many people think it tastes like chicken. In fact, you can cook it in the same way that you would prepare chicken. This makes it an excellent substitute for meat for vegetarians.

5. Black Trumpet Mushrooms

Black trumpets Mushrooms are sometimes called black chanterelles like truffles. They are not a very attractive mushroom to look at, but their taste is very sought after. People describe the taste as rich and smoky. When left to dry, its taste acquires even notes of black truffle. There are no toxic lookalikes, so they are good for beginners to identify. Although they may be quite difficult to find.

6. Wood Blewit Mushrooms

Blewit Wood mushrooms are considered edible, although they can cause allergic reactions in some people. Especially when consumed raw, although they can cause reactions even when cooking. So it is better to start eating small amounts. They can be found wild, and they are also grown, for example, in the UK, France, and the Netherlands. Blewits can be eaten stir-fried in butter or cream sauce, as an omelet filling recipe, or in a stew.

7. Mushrooms Morels

Morels are among the most sought-after wild mushrooms. They are not grown or sold in stores. In fact, families often have secret “morel spots” where they know they grow these mushrooms that they save for themselves, going every year to harvest these delicious mushrooms. Blackberries have a hazelnut and earthy taste. They have a fleshy texture but they are still tender. There are toxic “real homes” and “fake hives”, so if you are going to look for them, it is important to know the difference.

8. Enoki Mushrooms

Often enoki mushrooms can be detected in the supermarket. These mushrooms are most commonly used in Asian cuisine. They come in large clusters of small mushrooms with very long stems and small tops. They go very well in soups, especially ramen.

9. Shimeji Mushrooms

Shimeji is another mushroom native to East Asia, but it can also be found in northern Europe. They are also known as white beech mushrooms. They add a rich umami taste to the dishes. However, they have a rather bitter taste when eaten raw, so they should always be cooked. They go very well on fries or with seafood or wild game.

10. Shiitake Mushrooms

Shiitake Mushrooms are commonly used in Asian cuisine. They are also considered to have medicinal benefits in traditional Asian medicine. Shiitake mushrooms have a fleshy texture very similar to portobellos. They taste more smoky and earthy when cooked. Shiitake mushrooms are the most commonly sold dry.

Knowing When and How To Harvest Shiitake Mushrooms

Shiitake mushrooms grow naturally in the wild and can also be successfully cultivated. Knowing when and how to harvest the Shiitake Mushrooms will provide a wonderful addition to your culinary efforts.

The Shiitake mushroom is ready for harvest with the mushroom cap is opened about 50-70%. This is generally about when the veil breaks. The veil is located between the stem and cap. It is during this stage the cap edges remain rolled beneath the cap.

Harvesting Shiitake From Logs

Shiitake mushrooms can be broken from the log upon which they are growing by using twisting and pulling motion. The mushrooms can also be removed by cutting them from the bark of the log. There should only be a small amount of wood remaining on the stem. You can trim the stem base off using scissors or a knife after harvesting.

Harvesting Shiitake From Sawdust

Sawdust-grown shiitake usually have stems that are longer than those going on logs. You will want to trim the stems to prevent the sawdust which clings to the stems from falling into the gills of other mushrooms. Keep the stem length under two-thirds of the size of the cap diameter.

Storage of Mushrfreshly

The freshly picked mushrooms should be placed in a container providing maximum ventilation and cooling. Plastic containers specifically for mushrooms can be purchased. These containers usually accommodate 6-15 pounds of mushrooms.

11. Portobello Mushrooms

Portobellos Mushroom is the last stage in the life of the mushroom button. These mushrooms are much larger than cremini or mushroom pimples and have a more fleshy texture, but still, retain a sweet taste. They have their cap completely open, exposing the dark bowels underneath. Portobellos are large enough to be used as vegetarian burgers or stuffed with other ingredients and are often cooked instead of fried.

12. Oyster Mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus)

If you ate only mushroom pimples, then the appearance of oyster mushrooms may be a little intimidating at first. Do not worry if you do not like seafood. They may look like oysters, but they don’t taste like them. They offer a sweet and sweet taste and make a great transition from portobellos to more adventurous types of mushrooms. Check out our Oyster Mushroom Recipes page for some inspiration. If you are interested in trying to grow mushrooms at home for yourself, oysters are one of the easiest varieties to try.

13. Royal Oyster Mushrooms

Royal oysters Mushroom resemble ordinary oyster mushrooms that grow on a thick white stem. They are a large mushroom, and usually, 4 or 5 come to a tray. They have a very firm fleshy texture compared to ordinary oyster mushrooms.

14. Chanterelle Mushrooms

Chanterelles mushrooms have a distinctive bright yellow color. They have a sweet and spicy taste that goes well with eggs. They last longer in the refrigerator than most other varieties of mushrooms – about 10 days. There are some very similar-looking mushrooms called the cat or the lantern and the false chanterelle. If consumed, these lookalikes can cause diarrhea and severe cramps.

15. Porcini Mushrooms

Also known as porcini mushrooms, are most commonly used in Italian cuisine. They have a distinctive taste that some people compare with sourdough bread, with slightly creamy flavors and nuts. They can be very large, up to 10 inches wide! But most are harvested much smaller, about 1 inch in size. Porcini mushrooms can be purchased fresh or canned, but they are sold more commonly dried. To use dry porcini, you need to soak them in warm water for 10-15 minutes, then they can be cooked as usual.

16. Maitake Mushrooms

Maitake Mushrooms are also called forest chicken. However, they should not be confused with forest chicken mushrooms. Neither with shiitakes, which also have a similar name that sounds. Maitake means “dancing mushroom” in Japanese. These mushrooms are too difficult to eat once they reach a reasonable size. However, they are used for their medicinal properties. Maitake fungi have been shown to increase the immune system. They also have a hypoglycemic effect that can help reduce blood sugar and control diabetes and can also help with hypercholesterolemia. Read the complete guide to Maitake mushrooms to learn what maitake mushrooms are, how to identify them, and how to align them or try to grow them yourself.

The matsutake mushroom, or pine mushroom, is not well known in the West. But it is a very popular mushroom in Chinese, Korean and Japanese cuisine. It has a distinctive spicy smell. Matsutake mushrooms can be difficult to find because they grow under specific trees and are usually hidden by leaves and other brushes on the forest floor. They are also quickly eaten by rabbits, deer, squirrels, and other wild animals if found first.

17. Reishi Mushrooms

Mushrooms Reishi or Lingzhi mushroom is often considered the gold standard when it comes to medicinal mushrooms. It is a polypore, which means that it is a hard cork fungus that grows on the side of the trees and is difficult to eat. It is quite rare in nature, but fortunately, now it is grown on logs of hardwood or sawdust on a commercial scale. Not all the effects of reishi fungi have been scientifically proven, but some alleged uses include treating fatigue, lowering cholesterol, improving the immune system (sometimes even claimed to be able to fight HIV and AIDS), lowering blood pressure and inflammation, and treatment of symptoms of the urinary tract.

18. Lion’s Mane Mushrooms

Lion Mane The lion’s mane grows in furry pieces on the side of trees and may seem somewhat like formations hanging inside the caves. The lion’s mane is intended to increase concentration and mood, maintain brain health, support the immune system, and reduce inflammation in the body. Unlike most medicinal mushrooms, lion mane is really edible. It has a fibrous meat texture and a sweet and salty taste that compares to lobster or crab meat.

19. Gigantic Mushrooms

Gigantic mushrooms can grow up to large sizes. Up to 20 kg or 44 lbs of weight! However, they are collected even if they are small and immature for culinary use. Once the flesh of a balloon turns yellow or brown, it began to create spores that can cause stomach upset. Slap balls can be confused with immature versions of toxic mushrooms, and they need to be cut to check before eating. Balls of edible balls have a solid white interior, while other mushrooms will be yellowish inside or will have the silhouette of a cork-type mushroom. If they are allowed to grow to full size, swollen mushrooms will burst, sending billions of spores into the air.

20. Magic Mushrooms

Magic mushrooms are wild or cultivated mushrooms containing psilocybin, a psychoactive compound, and a natural hallucinogen. Psilocybin ”psilocybe” is considered one of the best-known psychedelic, according to Mental Health Services and Substance Abuse Administrations1. Psilocybin is classified as a List I drug, which means that it has a high risk of abuse and has no currently accepted its medical use in treatment in the United States. The UK.

Although some cultures have been able to use the hallucinogenic properties of some fungi for centuries, psilocybin was first isolated in 1958 by Dr. Albert Hofmann, who also discovered lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). Magic mushrooms are often prepared by drying and eaten by mixing food or drinks, although some people eat freshly picked magic mushrooms.

Also known as Magical mushrooms are also known as shrooms, mushrooms, blue mezhies, golden tops, freedom caps, philosopher stones, liberties, Amani, and agaric. Drug class: Psilocybin is classified as a hallucinogen. Common side effects: Magic fungi cause nausea, yawning, relaxation or drowsiness, introspective experience, nervousness, paranoia, panic, hallucinations, and psychosis.

21. Cauliflower Mushrooms

Cauliflower mushrooms are open mushrooms composed of clusters of leaf-shaped flying branches that emerge from a solid base. Mushrooms vary considerably in size, with an average of 10-30 centimeters in diameter, and can be found in many different profiled shapes. The curved and flexible surface varies in ivory color, from pale yellow to white, depending on maturity, and is smooth and waxy with small pores on one side that release spores. Cauliflower mushrooms have a fragile consistency, semi-firm, and chewable with a strong aroma of musk and earth. Once cooked, they have a neutral, earthy, and subtly walnut taste with hints of fennel and almond.

The Mystic Mushroom

Mushrooms are a fruit that comes from even a larger being. Fungi is the classification names given to mushrooms which are not plants or animals. The mushroom body thrives on living tree roots and dead trees.

The size of the mushroom varies by species from only a few millimeters to surprisingly several inches. Mushrooms absorb water and will grow astonishingly quickly when large amounts of water have been absorbed. The fruit appears almost overnight.

Both animals and humans eat from the fruits of the mushroom body. There is an abundance of types of mushrooms with species of more than two thousand. Most of these mushrooms are poisonous with only 2.5 to 5% of the mushrooms being edible. Another unique feature of these poisonous mushrooms is that they often take on the appearance of edible mushrooms. This can prove to be fatal for the careless hunter and lover of mushrooms.

The toxic components of the mushroom become elusive. Some of the mushrooms have enough toxins to cause sudden death to the person eating them. Yet other types of mushrooms build up toxins within a person over time. These mushrooms if eaten may not be associated with any problems until one fatal day when the toxins of the last mushroom accumulate to a deadly proportion in the persons’ body.

Medicinal Mushrooms

Chinese medicine has used mushrooms essentially for years. Mushrooms are known to contain, vitamins B, C, and D. Mushrooms are recognized as lowering cholesterol and blood pressure. Some have indicated that mushrooms may prevent cancer.

The mushroom is a mystical addition to your cultivation and culinary delight.

Important Facts about Mushroom Substrates

A lot of different substances can be used for mushroom substrates. Substrates are the material that mushrooms are grown on. Peaches grow on peach trees and mushrooms grow on a substrate.

The type of substrate used will depend upon the type of mushroom you are growing.

There are many more types of substrates used in mushroom cultivation that will be covered in this article.

Substrates are a basic essential for mushroom growth. A better understanding of substrates will allow more success in growing mushrooms.

Some of the most common types of substrates include:

Oat, Rye, and wheat straw are also known as cereal straw serve as a good substrate for growing mushrooms. It is cheap and readily available. It is also good for several mushroom types. Cereal straw is one of the most versatile substrates available. There are some disadvantages of using straw including the need to treat the straw with heat pasteurization before using to remove the microbes which could inhibit mushroom growth.

Logs can be successfully used as a mushroom substrate. It is important to select the type of wood, which the mushroom you will be growing, grows on in the wild. Common woods for log substrates include:

  • Beech
  • Alder
  • Ash
  • Elm
  • Cottonwood

Hardwoods of a thicker type like oak take a long time before mushroom production. One of the advantages of using logs is that mushrooms can be produced for several years on the same log.

Enriched sawdust is another substrate that can effectively be used to grow mushrooms. Since sawdust does come from wood the same factors that should be considered in selecting a type of log should be applied to selecting a type of sawdust. Sawdust by itself may not be rich enough to grow mushrooms but enriching sawdust with a supplement of nitrogen can be an effective substrate. More mushrooms will be yielded with enriched sawdust rather than just sawdust. One of the drawbacks of using sawdust is that it has to be sterilized much like straw to remove the microscopic competitors.

A lot of mushroom growing kits use sawdust blocks but these blocks come prepared for your ease of use.

Selecting An Exotic Mushroom For Cultivation

Several different types of exotic mushrooms can be grown in your home or garden today. Some of these species include blue oysters, pom blanc, maitake, enoki, reishi, and morel mushrooms.

Anyone can grow mushrooms of the exotic type. Today there are commercial kits available to get you started in the process of growing mushrooms.

When deciding which type of exotic mushroom you want to cultivate several things should be considered.

  1. You will need to look at the space you have available for mushroom cultivation. Larger quantities of mushrooms can be grown outdoors as compared to indoor space. Small spaces on a porch, den, or a corner in the kitchen can be used for indoor cultivation.
  2. Exotic mushrooms require shade.
  3. Consider your taste and texture preference. Each exotic mushroom has its unique texture and flavor. Select the type you like best.
  4. Consider the price for the different mushroom growing kits.

Kits are a great way for the beginner to get started with mushroom cultivation. The process is well outlined and the kit usually has all the materials needed for mushroom cultivation.

After you have gained confidence in obtaining a harvest of mushrooms from your purchased kit you can look at other types of mushrooms cultivations. Many people continue to use cultivation kits because of their ease of use and success.

If you are not sure which type of mushroom you would like to cultivate you can make a selection and then try another type later. You maybe like most mushroom lovers and find that you enjoy cultivating and eating several different types of mushrooms.

Don’t hesitate you can enjoy cultivating mushrooms today and enjoy the fruits of your labor in just a few short weeks. The added flavor and texture of your homegrown exotic mushrooms to your favorite dishes is sure to be rewarding.

Fall Is The Perfect Season For Mushrooms

Throughout the world, mushrooms are a delightful addition to any mushroom harvest-time meal. Fall harvest which is coming soon is associated with some very specific smells both in the field and in the kitchen.

Several varieties of mushrooms are in season during the fall time. These wonderful, rich, and flavorful varieties make for a perfect complement or addition to other harvest vegetables. For a unique flavor and eye-appealing dish add a few of your favorite mushrooms to any harvest dish to awaken your family and guests’ taste buds.

Mushrooms make a delicious warm soup that is just the right addition to any meal on a cool fall evening. The earthy smell of the mushrooms enhances the harvest flavors and smells that are indicative of the fall season. Those who enjoy gardening should consider mushroom cultivation as a complement to their other gardening passions.

Try this mushroom recipe out for flavor as the weather gets cool this fall.

  • Fall Harvest Soup
  • 1 large sweet potato
  • 1 squash
  • ½ onion
  • 2 cups chicken broth
  • 1 cup fresh mushrooms
  • Water
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • ¼ teaspoon cinnamon
  • Dash pepper
  • Garlic if desired.

Peel and dice the sweet potato, squash, onion. Place prepared vegetables in a large pot. Add chicken broth, salt, cinnamon, pepper. Add water to 2 inches above other ingredients. Cook over medium-high heat to boiling. Reduce heat and simmer until vegetables are tender. Adding water if needed. The potatoes, squash, and mushrooms should cook down to make a rich flavorful soup.

Mushrooms can be dried and used in dishes throughout the year for a little robust flavor in general and holiday recipes. Mushroom kits are a simple way to start mushroom cultivation.


What are magic mushrooms and psilocybin?

Psilocybin is a hallucinogenic substance people ingest from certain types of mushrooms that grow in regions of Europe, South America, Mexico, and the United States.

The mushrooms containing psilocybin are known as magic mushrooms.

According to the United Nations 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances, Psilocybin is a Schedule I controlled substance, meaning that it has a high potential for abuse and serves no legitimate medical purpose.

Individuals use psilocybin as a recreational drug. It provides feelings of euphoria and sensory distortion that are common to hallucinogenic drugs, such as LSD.

Researchers at John’s Hopkins Center for Psychedelic and Consciousness Research published a landmark study in 2006 on the safety and positive effects of psilocybin.

In October 2020, Oregon became the first state to legalize psilocybin. This allows for a 2-year period to consider regulatory and prescribing requirements.

Although medical bodies do not consider psilocybin to be an addictive substance, users can experience disturbing hallucinations, anxiety, and panic from using the drug.

Share on Pinterest Psilocybin is a natural hallucinogen. Getty Images

Psilocybin is a hallucinogen that works by activating serotonin receptors, most often in the prefrontal cortex. This part of the brain affects mood, cognition, and perception.

Hallucinogens work in other regions of the brain that regulate arousal and panic responses. Psilocybin does not always cause active visual or auditory hallucinations. Instead, it distorts how some people that use the drug perceive objects and people already in their environment.

The quantity of the drug, past experiences, and expectations of how the experience will take shape can all impact the effects of psilocybin.

After the gut ingests and absorbs psilocybin, the body converts it to psilocyn. The hallucinogenic effects of psilocybin usually occur within 30 minutes of ingestion and last between 4 and 6 hours.

In some individuals, the changes in sensory perception and thought patterns can last for several days.

Mushrooms containing psilocybin are small and usually brown or tan. In the wild, people often mistake mushrooms containing psilocybin for any number of other mushrooms that are poisonous.

People usually consume psilocybin as a brewed tea or prepare it with a food item to mask its bitter taste. Manufacturers also crush dried mushrooms into a powder and prepare them in capsule form. Some people who consume these mushrooms cover them with chocolate.

The potency of a mushroom depends on:

  • the species
  • origin
  • growing conditions
  • harvest period
  • whether a person eats them fresh or dried

The amount of active ingredients in dried mushrooms is about 10 times higher than the amount found in their fresh counterparts.

Extent of use

In the U.S., the National Survey on Drug Use and Health suggested that between 2009 and 2015, around 8.5% of people reported using psilocybin at some point in their life.

The ritual use of psilocybin for mystical or spiritual purposes dates back to pre-Columbian Mesoamerican societies and continues to this day. Psilocybin is often used recreationally at dance clubs or by select groups of people seeking a transcendent spiritual experience.

In medical settings, doctors have tested psilocybin for use in treating cluster headaches, end stage cancer anxiety, depression, and other anxiety disorders.

But some scientists have questioned its effectiveness and safety as a therapeutic measure.

Street names for psilocybin

Drug dealers rarely sell psilocybin under its real name. Instead, the drug may be sold as:


How to Store Mushrooms

Even though mushrooms usually come from the store in a film-wrapped carton, it’s best if they breathe.

A brown paper bag is ideal. An airtight bag, like a Ziploc bag, is worst case scenario. Keep mushrooms in their original packaging or a paper bag. If you’re lucky, they’ll keep for up to one week in the refrigerator.

If your mushrooms are looking borderline, it’s okay to cook them. Rinse them, dry them well, and proceed. If they are floppy and slick with slime, pitch ‘em. (And yes, it’s okay to get mushrooms wet!)

Don’t freeze fresh mushrooms it will destroy their texture and render them into slime. You may, however, freeze cooked mushrooms.


Watch the video: Μανιτάρια culta terra (July 2022).


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