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2020_Spring_Bis2a_Facciotti_Lecture_15 - Biology

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7.7: Further Reading, What Have We Learned? - Biology

Length Distributions of States and Generalized Hidden Markov ModelsGiven a Markov chain with the transition from any state to the end state having probability τ , the probability of generating a sequence of length L (and then finishing with a transition to the end state) is given by: au(1- au)^ L-1 onumber Similarly, in the HMMs that we have been examining, the length of states will be exponentially dis- tributed, which is not appropriate for many purposes.
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11.7F: Primary and Secondary Antibody Responses - Biology

The immune system protects organisms from infection first with the innate immune system, then with adaptive immunity.Learning ObjectivesGeneralize the role of the innate and adaptive immune system in regards to antibody responseKey PointsWhen B cells and T cells are first activated by a pathogen, memory B-cells and T- cells develop.
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